Richly decorated gold bracelet, usually worn as a pair on each wrist by older women for everyday and special occasions
20th century
Object Name: Bracelet, hab-al-hail
Period: 20th century
Date: 1960
Provenance: Qatar
Dimensions: 1.6cm x 1.38cm x 1.2cm, weight: 1.28g
Medium: gold,glass
Registration Number: QNM.2011.596.1
This kind of bracelet is known as hab-al-hail and was predominantly worn daily by older Qatari women and also for special occasions, with one on each wrist. These types of bracelets consist of a richly textured gold band with twisted wire rims and a central band of pyramidal protrusions. The protrusions are in three lines all around, with flat flower shapes added between the pyramids. These pyramid shapes are said to resemble cardamom pods, giving this type of bracelet its name in Arabic.

This example dates from around 1960 and was made with machine tools: the base was made on a machine which flattens gold strips, while the pyramids were created in a mould and then brazed or welded onto the bracelet; twisted wire was brazed or welded onto the rims.
The Qatar Peninsula is surrounded by sea except in the south where it connects with its neighbours from the Arabian Peninsula. For hundreds of years people have shared the land, resources and knowledge inherited from their environment. With no fixed lifestyle in terms of time and place, people moved easily and freely between land and sea for trade, livestock, pearl diving, fishing, and hunting at various times throughout the year. This symbiotic relationship between the people and their environment was represented in the unity of their societies, including the exchange of knowledge, stories and the trading of available goods.

A distinctive characteristic of life on the Qatar Peninsula has long been the close association between the coast and the desert – al barr. Some desert tribes spent several months of the year in coastal cities, setting up semi-permanent residences to participate in pearl diving or fishing. Similarly, coastal residents occasionally moved to al barr during the winter to graze their livestock. This exchange of natural resources and the influence of different environments has contributed to the creation of a unique community.
The presence of British, French and Dutch trading companies in the Gulf from the early 1600s brought uncertainty to the region, with unstable alliances and intense competition over trade routes. As trade flourished, however, the strength of the Arab tribes increased. Many Arab tribes moved from the interior of the Arabian Peninsula to Qatar, and by the 18th and 19th centuries, most of the major towns of the Gulf were founded. Several towns flourished on the Qatari coast, including Huwailah, Khor Hassan, Fuwairat, Ruwaida, Freiha, Al Bidda and Doha. The most notable was Al Zubara which became a hub for the Gulf pearl trade.