Fossil bone fragments of a vertebra and a rib of a dugong collected fromin the Dammam Formation
Uplifting of the Qatar Peninsula (Miocene)
Object Name: Dugong Bone
Period: Uplifting of the Qatar Peninsula (Miocene)
Date: 23–5 Million Years Ago
Dimensions: 12.63 cm (H) x 2.65 cm (W) x 1.71 cm (D)
Medium: fossil
Registration Number: ARC.2008.14.388
Place Of Discovery/Findspot:  Ras Brouq Peninsula
This object consists of two fossilized bone fragments, one from a vertebra and one from a rib, which belonged to a sea cow or dugong. The fossils were discovered in Qatar, in a layer of sedimentary rocks known as the Dammam Formation, which was formed during the Middle Eocene period, around 40 million years ago. This group of dugong fossils is considered to be the earliest known examples in the region and provides valuable insights into the history of marine life in the area.
At the beginning of this period, Qatar was covered by shallow tropical waters. Sea turtles, marine crocodiles and dugongs all lived here.
Later, the Qatar peninsula gradually rose above sea level. The climate was much more humid than today, and Qatar was covered by grasslands and rivers. Ancient species of freshwater crocodiles, ostriches, elephants and giraffes walked the land.
Ras Brouq Peninsula